Ajayi O, Moisi M, Chapman J, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS.C2 Pedicle Screw Placement: A Novel Teaching Aid.Cureus. 2016 Jun 4;8(6):e630. doi: 10.7759/cureus.630.
The C2 pedicle screw is more biomechanically stable and provides patients with increased postoperative range of motion in comparison to other methods of C2 fixation. However, as a result of the proximity of the C2 pedicle to the transverse foramen, there is a considerable risk of intraoperative morbidity due to vertebral artery injury laterally or vertebral canal breach medially. Other than the use of cadavers for the demonstration and practice of C2 pedicle screw placement, there are currently few other readily available teaching aids for the training of residents and fellows. Herein, we describe a simple and cost effective modality for the demonstration, evaluation, and practice of C2 pedicle screw placement in a laboratory setting.